Causes of Bad Breath

Causes of Bad Breath

Many people experience dry mouth at some point in their lives. Dry mouth can be a short-term issue, or it can be chronic. The major causes of bad breath are as follows:

  • Poor Oral Hygiene 

Healthy oral care routines include brushing and flossing as well as using mouthwash. A lack of these routines can lead to bad breath. Plaque can build up on teeth and irritate the gums, which leads to bad breath. Brushing after meals, flossing every day, and rinsing with mouthwash can help to prevent bad breath.

  • Diet

A diet high in sugar and carbohydrates can cause bad breath. Carbohydrates are broken down by bacteria in the mouth, which produces odors.

Some foods that may help improve bad breath include:

  • Kale and other leafy greens
  • Broccoli and cauliflower
  • Onions and garlic
  • Cheese and other dairy products
  • Chicken and other lean meats
  • Fish
  • Periodontal Disease

The root cause of bad breath is typically poor dental hygiene. When food, bacteria, and plaque accumulate between the teeth and along the gum line, it can result in bad breath. But, if your bad breath is persistent, it may indicate you have periodontal disease.

Periodontal disease is caused by a bacterial infection. As bacteria infect the gum tissue, it causes inflammation and destroys the tissue. Eventually, the tissue becomes detached and falls away from the tooth.

  • Dry Mouth

Dry mouth can be caused by certain medicines, salivary gland problems, and less frequent saliva production at night. Dry mouth can be a contributor to persistent bad breath. This is because saliva is one of your body’s natural defenses against bad odor. When your mouth is dry, toxins are not washed away as easily, and they can linger in your mouth.

  • Other Causes

Other reasons for bad breath include sinus infections, bronchitis, and diabetes. Bad breath can be an indication of a more serious health problem.

Treatment Options for Bad Breath

Some causes of bad breath can be addressed with at-home treatments, while others require professional care. For example, brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing daily can greatly reduce your risk of bad breath, while a professional teeth cleaning will remove plaque and tartar that you cannot remove on your own.

Prevention Tips

The best way for healthy teeth and gums is to brush twice a day, floss daily, and visit our practice every six months for a routine checkup. It is also important to drink plenty of water and stay hydrated. In addition, if you smoke or chew tobacco, quit it as you are at increased risk of bad breath and gum disease.

It is important to avoid foods and drinks that are high in acid and sugar, such as soda, alcoholic beverages, and fruit juices. These can accelerate plaque buildup and result in tooth decay and bad breath.

To find out more about the dental services offered at Orange Family Dental, call (619) 280-4861 or schedule an online consultation. You can also visit our Dentist in San Diego, CA, at 4205 Fairmount Avenue, San Diego, CA 92105.


4205 Fairmount avenue, San Diego, CA 92105

Phone: (619) 280-4861

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