The temporomandibular joint connects your jawbone to the skull. The temporomandibular joint disorder is characterized by severe pain in your jaw joint and muscles controlling your jaw movement. This condition occurs when the ligaments and muscles around your jaw joints become inflamed or irritated. TMJ disorder may be acute or chronic, and the pain may be mild or severe.
What are the Symptoms of TMJ Disorder?
- You may experience pain or tenderness in the jaw.
- TMJ disorder causes extreme pain and discomfort in one or both of your temporomandibular joints.
- The condition also leads to tingling pain around your ears.
- TMJ disorder makes it difficult to bite or chew food.
- You may suffer from bouts of pain all over your face.
- The temporomandibular joint disorder makes it difficult to open or close your mouth.
What are the Causes of TMJ Disorder?
- Bruxism or excessive grinding or clenching of teeth causes TMJ disorder.
- This condition is also the cause of the dislocation of the disc between your socket joint and ball.
- You may experience TMJ disorder because of arthritis in the temporomandibular joint.
- Other conditions such as stress, acute trauma, and improper bite also lead to TMJ disorder.
How is TMJ Treated?
The treatment of temporomandibular joint disorder depends upon the severity of your condition. The options range from self-care practices to injections, mouthguards, and even open surgery. We may decide upon the best treatment after looking into your case.
This condition leads to excessive pain and swelling. We will give you medication, including ibuprofen, aspirin, or naproxen, to relieve such pain and discomfort. We may also prescribe higher doses of other drugs and muscle relaxants if the cause of the temporomandibular joint disorder is bruxism.
- Night Guard or Splint
Splint and night guard are the mouthpieces fitting over your upper and lower teeth. When you wear these appliances, they offer stable tooth contacts during closure. Mouthguards are also used to correct your bite by placing your jaw in a desirable position.
While nightguards are particularly worn during your sleep, you may wear splints throughout the day to treat the disorder.
- Trigger-Point Injections
We may also administer trigger point injections into your tender muscles to relieve pain.
- Radio Wave Therapy
Radio waves encourage the creation of low-level electrical stimulation to your joint to increase the blood flow and relieve you of TMJ disorder.
Besides trigger-point injections, Botox is also used to reduce inflammation and muscle mass.
To find out more about the dental services offered at Orange Family Dental, call (619) 280-4861 or schedule an online consultation. You can also visit Dentist in San Diego, CA at 4205 Fairmount Avenue, San Diego, CA 92105.